The durability and long term performance of any building is directly influenced by the way it has been designed, the methods of construction and the materials used within the construction. From the outset, the specification needs to be clear and easily understood by all parties to avoid confusion, particularly in relation to materials specification if later problems are to be avoided.
This symposium paper (900 Kb PDF) considers many different aspects of masonry damage and refurbishment methods. Consideration is given to the effects of movement: snapped header brickwork; bonding and built-in timbers; use of mortars and jointing and pointing, as well as issues such as wall tie corrosion, frost, water penetration. It discusses the evidence and remedial solutions.