The development and use of fibre-reinforced polymers for civil and structural engineering applications in Japan, UK, Switzerland, Denmark, Canada and the US are reviewed. The fibre reinforcement is usually carbon, aramid or glass fibre, with a matrix of polyester, epoxy, vinyl ester, or phenol. Fibre optic monitoring facilities may be included. Applications include the strengthening and repair of existing structures, and in a limited number of cases, the construction of new structures. The upgrading of a number of existing bridges and the construction of new ones are described. 21 refs.