Design Guide for the Fire Protection of Buildings – Essential Principles


The purpose of the Design Guide - Essential Principles is to provide an insurance industry equivalent to the basic fire safety objectives - the functional requirements - which are contained in Part B of Schedule 1 to the Building Regulations.

It is closely linked to the LPC Design Guide for the Fire Protection of Buildings but, in addition, permits the building designer to follow fully, or in part, a fire safety engineering approach. This is achieved by defining the basic principles necessary to achieve adequate levels of property and business protection. This document is intended for designers and owners of buildings which are (for the most part) industrial and commercial premises, consultants working in the field, construction companies and insurers.

This document contains measures which are applicable to all buildings except residential buildings under 20m in height (but does not include commercial hotel buildings). It is applicable to new buildings and to major refurbishment and upgrading of existing premises.

Whilst the recommendations given in the LPC Design Guide for the Fire Protection of Buildings are not mandatory, the guidance provided in this document should be regarded as being of vital importance and needs to be considered in detail by building designers, fire safety engineers, consultants, occupiers or building owners.

It is essential that insurers are consulted at the earliest possible stage of design, so that factors that influence the ability of the building owner to secure insurance at the most attractive terms can be identified.

This document should be read in conjunction with the LPC Design Guide for the Fire Protection of Buildings and appropriate supporting documents. It outlines the basic principles that all designers and their supporting consultants shall consider during the design process, when they are taking either a prescriptive or fire safety engineering approach (or a combination of both). The principles should be followed for major extensions and upgrades.

Source: The Fire Protection Association

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